Located on the Italian Riviera, Genoa, the capital of the region of Liguria, offers visitors plenty to see and do. With so much incredible architecture and rich history, it can be tough to plan a trip to Genoa and hit all the best attractions. To make it as easy as possible for you, we’ve compiled a list of the 10 best things to do in Genoa, Italy.
Filled with museums, impressive defensive structures dating back thousands of years, royal castles, and more, Genoa has everything you could hope for in an Italian vacation.
So without further adieu, let’s take a look at the best things to do in Genoa in 2021!
Spend Some Time at Piazza de Ferrari
As with most Italian cities, Genoa includes many public squares and spaces. The main public square and the social center of Genoa is the Piazza de Ferrari. You’ll find its iconic circular fountain at the center of the piazza, with jets of water all around shooting towards the center.
Surrounding the Piazza de Ferrari in all directions, Genoa’s bustling streets await, ready to be explored. Within the square itself, you can grab a coffee and admire some of the many examples of fine Italian architecture. Look around all you’ll see the city’s leading Exchange, Teatro Carlo Felice Opera House, and more.
Visit the Aquarium (Acquario di Genoa)
As the premier aquarium in all of Italy, Acquario di Genoa is a wondrous structure to behold. It’s one of the biggest aquariums in all of Europe in terms of size and number of exhibits, so it’s not something that you’ll just stop in on your way to something else and be able to knock out in an hour or two.
Outside of the many fish exhibits and other marine life, there’s also a tropical garden for you to examine. To fully explore all the exhibits and take in everything that the aquarium has to offer, you’d need to spend days. But in general, plan for at least half a day for the aquarium while you’re in Genoa.
Stop by the Porta Soprana Gatehouse
After you’re finished sipping your coffee in Piazza de Ferrari, head down Via Dante towards the south and you’ll come right up to the Porta Soprana Gatehouse. Porta Soprana is part of the city’s original fortifications from the 12th century, and the towers still stand tall, looming overhead from a distance.
The impressive gatehouse will take you back in time, and you can imagine the days when these massive walls and imposing gates were needed to actually keep invaders and bay and protect those within the city walls. Nearby the gate, you’ll also find the house that the famous explorer Christopher Columbus grew up in. There isn’t too much to see in the house, but you might as well stop by for a quick look.
Check Out the Exhibits at the Maritime Museum
While the aquarium gives you the chance to check out countless examples of marine life, the Genoa Maritime Museum lets visitors dive into maritime history. It’s a great way to spend the other half of your day after exploring the aquarium, and there’s something for everyone in this museum.
Genoa used to be a significant naval power in the Mediterranean region. Inside the museum, you’ll find four floors of all kinds of exhibits. Pictures of ships, drawings that were used during construction, and all sorts of navigation equipment fill the display cases within.
Go to Piazza Matteotti
Located very close to the more popular Piazza de Ferrari mentioned above, the Piazza Matteotti is another square that’s well worth visiting itself. The famous Doges’ Palace is located within this square, giving you an opportunity to both admire and explore another structure while you’re in Genoa.
You’ll also find yourself looking at the most impressive and opulent church in all of Genoa, the Cathedral of San Lorenzo — more on that shortly. Other than incredible examples of architecture, you’ll also find all sorts of shops and boutiques that you can explore. And markets (think somewhat flea markets) on the square give you the ability to buy and sell goods and work out a deal with any vendors of your choosing.
Visit the Cathedral of San Lorenzo
After spending some time at the Piazza Matteotti, you can head north and arrive at the Cathedral of San Lorenzo shortly thereafter. This iconic landmark within Genoa is an amazing example of three different styles of architecture and design — Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance.
While the outside of the cathedral is stunning to look at, it gets even more impressive when you step inside. The massive open area, the intricate details along the walls, and the many art pieces are all exciting to see. But don’t forget about the treasure room below. In the treasure room, you can find many examples of religious history, including the ashes of St. John the Baptist, among others.
Explore Forte Begato
A relatively new defensive structure than many that you’ll find in Italy, construction on Forte Begato was completed in the early 1800s. Over 200 years old still, but when many structures in Genoa are nearing a thousand years old, it isn’t quite the same! Due to its semi-modern construction, Forte Begato was actually used during WWII to house prisoners of war, adding to its rich history.
Although the fort is closed to the public and you cannot tour the inside, you’re able to hike up to it and appreciate it from outside. Perhaps even more impressive than your views of the fort are the views of the surrounding areas that you’ll get from the top of the hill. The fort’s high vantage point affords visitors unobstructed views of the Genoan countryside.
Go See the Palazzo Reale
To see another impressive piece of Italian architecture and construction, take some time out of your day to visit Genoa’s royal palace, the Palazzo Reale. This imposing structure takes up much of the skyline when you’re looking at it and dominates the city’s skyline with its robust red construction and towering windows.
Construction began on the palace in 1618 under the Balbi family. Over the years, the palazzo was sold and switched hands a few times before eventually becoming property of the state just over 100 years ago in 1919. The interior of the palace is even more impressive than the outside. Inside, you’ll find art adorning all the walls, draperies dominating others, and lavish decorations throughout.
Visit Castello d’Albertis
Appearing much older than it is, the Albertis Castle (Castello d’Albertis) was built relatively recently, in the late 19th century in a revival of Gothic architecture. Even though the castle itself is new compared to many of the other places you’ll find in the city, it’s built upon the foundations of a much older 12th-century castle that has long since been destroyed.
Ascend to the top of the Castello and take in panoramic views of both the sea and Genoa itself, an experience like no other within the city. Inside, the castle also houses the Museum of World Cultures. So you can explore the many displays and exhibits within and learn about different cultures from all over the world.
Check Out Lanterna di Genoa at Night
After you’ve been exploring all day and experiencing the bustling streets of Genoa, it’s time to relax and take in one last beautiful sight once the sun goes down. As the sun creeps below the horizon, the ancient lighthouse known as Lanterna di Genoa is lit and shines brightly over the rest of the city below.
As the third oldest lighthouse in the entire world, it’s an amazing feat of engineering and construction that it still stands to this day and looks so ornate even by today’s standards. You can see Lanterna di Genoa from many places in the city, so it’s a great time to grab some gelato or other dessert at one of the city’s many cafes and look up at the lighthouse against the backdrop of the Italian night sky.